• Introduction
Diabetes 101
  • What is the difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes?
  • Why diabetes matters?
  • Why does your doctor ask you to do all those lab work?
  • Can diabetes be reversed?
All about blood sugar
  • What is the ideal blood sugar level?
  • How often should I check blood sugar?
  • Why my blood sugar keeps rising without eating?
  • My blood sugar keeps changing, did I check it right?
  • I hate sticking fingers, can I use those sugar monitors?
  • Sensor readings are very different from glucometer, what to do?
Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar)
  • What is hypoglycemia and why we need to avoid it?
  • What should I do when blood sugar is low?
Eating right with diabetes
  • What to eat and how to eat?
  • How to find out the amount of carbohydrate in your food?
  • Diabetes diet recipes
The importance of exercise
  • The importance of exercise
Treating diabetes during acute illness and surgery
  • I am ill and my blood sugar gets too high, what should I do?
  • My blood sugar jumps higher after I started to take steroid, what should I do?
  • What should I do with diabetes medications the night before surgery?
Hypertension (high blood pressure) and diabetes
  • What is the ideal blood pressure for people with diabetes?
  • What are the medications for high blood pressure?
Hyperlipidemia (high cholesterol) and diabetes
  • What is hyperlipidemia and how to treat it?
Diabetes during pregnancy
  • How does diabetes affect me and my baby?
  • What is the ideal blood sugar level during pregnancy?
  • Which medications are safe for diabetes during pregnancy?
Coping with diabetes
  • My blood sugar is very high, what should I do?
  • What to do if I accidentally took too much insulin
  • My blood sugar is low at night, should I still take long-acting insulin?
  • How to know if I am getting a side effect from a medication?
  • How to remember taking so many medications?
  • My blood sugar is better now, can I stop one of the medications?
  • Useful internet resource
Insulin use
  • What are the types of insulin available
  • When should I start to take insulin
  • How to use insulin pen
  • How to adjust the dose of long-acting insulin
  • How to adjust short-acting insulin for meals
  • How to adjust short-acting insulin for sliding scale
  • Blood sugar stays high after insulin injection, what to do?
Diabetes medications
  • Metformin
  • Sulfonylureas (glimepiride, glipizide, glyburide)
  • Thiazolidinediones (Actos)
  • GLP-1 agonist (Bydureon, Ozempic, Trulicity, Victoza)
  • How to use a Bydureon B-Cise pen
  • How to use a Trulicity Pen
  • How to use an Ozempic pen
  • DPP4 inhibitor (Januvia, Onglyza, Tradjenta)
  • SGLT-2 inhibitor (Farxiga,Invokana,Jardiance,Steglatro)
Understanding lab tests related to diabetes
  • kidney function
  • protein in urine
  • pancreas function